在课堂上催化理解

科学

- - - - - -多萝西Eggenberger

斯科特McIndoe拿着一个分子的3D模型
乐鱼国际首页 Chemistry Professor 斯科特McIndoe named a 3M National Teaching Fellow, one of ten post-secondary educators nation-wide to be recognized for exceptional leadership in undergraduate education. 图片来源:乐鱼国际首页 Photo Services

The transition from a high school to university classroom can be tricky—moving from a class size of 30 to literally hundreds. Yet, the structure of a first-year lecture stays the same. An instructor asks a question and a few students raise their hands.

“You think you have a good impression of the class and their understanding of the material,乐鱼国际首页化学教授斯科特McIndoe说. “It wasn’t until I started using clickers that I realized the majority of the class was struggling.”

Clickers are an interactive technology that enables instructors to pose questions to students and immediately collect and view the responses of the entire class. Now, instead of a handful of students, 200 or more will answer a question at the same time. McIndoe also uses Google Form for anonymous questions during class—the QR code is posted in the classroom and McIndoe receives the questions to his phone.

为他的创造力, 创新和包容, McIndoe was named a 3M National Teaching Fellow this Spring—one of 10 post-secondary educators across 加拿大 to be recognized for their exceptional leadership in undergraduate education.

变革教学

McIndoe is an international expert in mass spectrometry of organometallic compounds and catalysts. 2003年加入乐鱼国际首页, he has introduced new ways of teaching chemistry and helped rejuvenate the chemistry department’s first-year course curriculum.

“I’m struck by how Scott has constantly changed his delivery and methods over the years, while also maintaining a high level of structure and organization to ensure students’ benefit,” says 乐鱼国际首页 chemist and 加拿大 研究 Chair 弗雷泽霍夫, “There are no gimmicks here—Scott is an educator who is incredibly skilled and profoundly committed to his students.”

McIndoe establishes a level of trust and engagement that keeps students coming back for more. 自从他开始在教室和实验室进行创新, more students than ever have signed up for—and succeeded—in higher-level chemistry courses.

斯科特·麦金多,教室里的偷拍照片
99% of my 0930 Chem101 class got a clicker question correct, tweets McIndoe in Sept. 2019. 信贷:

这不是你平时的办公时间

McIndoe’s key to success is focusing his efforts on improving the undergraduate experience for the larger student body, 而不是展示明星学生. Case in point: he transformed his office hours by relocating from his office to a lecture hall. Instead of one student, he meets with anywhere from 30 to 150.

In 2020, McIndoe的Zoom课程包括了这两种直播, virtual office hours as well as an online discussion forum, 那里有成千上万的学生岗位. “I appreciate how valiantly he tackled the ridiculous amounts of forum posts,” commented one student.

对麦金多来说,数量并不是威慑. 同样是在2020年, he flipped the virtual Zoom classroom by presenting a pre-recorded Zoom lecture to engage students in a live chat during the video. A chat log for one 50-minute class was hundreds of lines long: students asking for a simple, catch-up clarification; students asking follow-ups to help form basic ideas; and students posting ideas and questions that extend the lesson to a higher level.

A signature of his Chemistry 101 class—called a ‘godsend’ by many students—is a lecture book with partially completed PowerPoint slides connected to passages in the textbook. 作为McIndoe讲座, 他补上了缺失的文字, 数字, 幻灯片上有分子结构图, and the students do the same in their own lecture books.

“我喜欢这门课讲课的方式. Having the lecture book which we fill in forced me to actually participate, 让我比其他课程更投入,另一个学生说.

改变学生对化学的看法

McIndoe’s engaging and approachable teaching style (and perhaps also his infectious enthusiasm) combats the pervasive view that chemistry, 甚至化学导论, is harder and less approachable than other disciplines. 这样做, he opens up the field to students who may have disliked or even feared this area of science.

“Chemistry strives to answer the question ‘how do things work?’ at the deepest level comprehensible by scientists: at the level of molecules and atoms,”McIndoe说. He maintains that only by understanding molecules better can we solve today’s urgent problems.

 “清洁能源. 原始的环境. 治疗癌症的方法. 如何养活世界. 可持续制造. 分子计算. I'm not pretending that I'm going to solve any or all of these problems, 但我教的人可能会, and that makes my career as a researcher and educator both hugely rewarding and a lot of fun."

斯科特McIndoe

大学课堂之外, McIndoe shares lab operating procedure videos on YouTube and creates online tutorials for Instructables.com (96和计数).

照片

在这个故事中

关键词: 学生生活, 行政, 社区

人: 斯科特McIndoe, 弗雷泽霍夫

出版: 戒指


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